WETLAND MONITORING HOME
All of the informational resources for Monitoring your Wetland are organized below according to section.
Select the section to jump to on the page:
INTRODUCTION | BIRDS | SMALL MAMMALS | DRAGONFLIES & DAMSELFLIES | FROGS & TOADS | BUTTERFLIES | INVASIVE PLANTS | WATER QUALITY | MACROINVERTEBRATES
INTRODUCTION - INFORMATIONAL RESOURCES
Wisconsin Department of Natural Resources
The WDNR has multiple resources on its Web site that can be used to identify wetland types. The WNDR’s Wetland Communities of Wisconsin Web page may be the most useful. The Web page lists 33 wetland community types found in Wisconsin. A click on any of the communities on the list directs users to a Natural Heritage Inventory Description of the wetland community, including color photos and distribution of maps of the counties in which the wetland community has been identified.
Wisconsin Wetlands Association
The wetlands association has developed a guide titled Wetlands of Wisconsin for their GEMS program. The guide describes 12 general wetland category types (pdf file download).
General wetland communities of Wisconsin guide.
Wetland Plants and Plant Communities of Minnesota and Wisconsin
1997 publication by Steve Eggers and Donald Reed
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BIRDS - INFORMATIONAL RESOURCES
Cornell University Lab of Ornithology and National Audubon Society eBird Web site
This Web site provides many useful tips on birding and provides a universal database for birders and volunteer monitoring groups to document, store and share their data without having to worry about data management.
Wisconsin Bird Conservation Initiative Marshbird Survey
This survey was not developed for monitoring marshbirds at the site-level, but many of its protocols can be adapted for use in site-level monitoring. In addition to its protocols, the survey also provides data recording sheets, marshbird calls that can be downloaded for use in the field and information about marshbird monitoring workshops held throughout the state.
Wisconsin Breeding Bird Atlas
The atlas includes distribution maps of bird species and breeding areas, a bird call library and other useful informational resources about Wisconsin birds.
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SMALL MAMMALS - INFORMATIONAL RESOURCES
Resources Inventory Committee of British Columbia Biodiversity Inventory Methods Series
This inventory series includes a detailed manual on methods for monitoring small mammals. Although the protocols are not specific to Wisconsin or wetlands, they are for the most part broadly applicable and should be easily adapted for use in Wisconsin wetlands.
Wisconsin Department of Natural Resources Magazine, Small for One and One for Small
This article provides an easy to understand overview of small mammal surveying methods.
Wisconsin Department of Natural Resources Citizen-Based Monitoring Program Coordinator
Volunteer coordinators who choose to begin a small mammal monitoring project should contact the DNR’s current Citizen-Based Monitoring Program coordinator for assistance with project design, technical information, to borrow DNR trapping equipment and to obtain identification flow charts.
The current coordinator is Loren Ayers, who can be reached at (608) 261-6449 or firstname.lastname@example.org
Kurta, A. 1995. Mammals of the Great Lakes Region.
University of Michigan Press, Ann Arbor, MI. 376pp.
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DRAGONFLIES & DAMSELFLIES - INFORMATIONAL RESOURCES
Wisconsin Department of Natural Resources Odonata Survey
This state Odonata survey Web site and database were developed to recruit volunteer support in helping DNR biologists learn more about Wisconsin’s Odonata species. The Web site provides many useful resources including tips on surveying Odonata, an online identification key and contact information for relevant DNR biologists.
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FROGS & TOADS - INFORMATIONAL RESOURCES
Wisconsin Frog and Toad Survey
This is a citizen-based monitoring program coordinated by the Wisconsin Department of Natural Resources, in cooperation with the U.S. Geological Survey and the North American Amphibian Monitoring Program. The survey was not designed for site-level monitoring, but many of its protocols can be adapted for use by site-level volunteer monitoring groups as a means of standardizing their methods and maximizing their ability to detect species.
University of Wisconsin-Milwaukee Field Station Herp Atlas Project
The Wisconsin Herp Atlas tracks the distributions of Wisconsin amphibians and reptiles including frogs and toads. The Herp Atlas uses museum collection records, field surveys, literature and volunteer observation entered into a computerized database to map distributions and can provide a place where volunteer monitoring groups can share their observations.
United States Geological Survey online frog call quiz
Volunteers can use this Web site to strengthen their frog and toad call identification skills by taking frog call quizzes. Quizzes are state specific.
Madison Audubon Society anuran audio and booklet identification materials
Through this Web page, the Audubon Society sells anuran call tapes and CDs and identification booklets for volunteers trying to learn Wisconsin anuran species.
www.madisonaudubon.org/audubon/html/frogtape.htm or (608)255-2473
This Invasive Plants Association of Wisconsin Web page lists the addresses and contacts for Technology libraries, from which monitoring groups can borrow global positioning system (GPS) units.
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BUTTERFLIES - INFORMATIONAL RESOURCES
This Web site offers a comprehensive database of Wisconsin butterfly observations and many other useful resources. Resources include species distribution maps, a descriptive guide to Wisconsin butterflies including phenology, defining characteristics and preferred habitats. Using the Web site, volunteers can also contact the Web site’s creator and Wisconsin butterfly expert, Mike Reese.
Illinois Butterfly Monitoring Network
This program was designed to promote volunteer monitoring throughout northeastern and central Illinois. The program has developed a guideline manual for butterfly monitoring volunteers. Many of the organization’s recommended guidelines are broadly applicable and can be adapted for use in Wisconsin wetlands.
This non-profit organization’s Web site includes a manual of instructions for butterfly monitoring volunteers. Many of the organization’s recommended instructions are broadly applicable and can be adapted for use in Wisconsin wetlands.
Southern Wisconsin Chapter of the North American Butterfly Association
Through this Web site, butterfly enthusiasts can find events and activities that will help them learn more about Wisconsin butterflies including association meetings, field trips, lectures and classes, and how to conserve butterflies and their habitats. Also provides links to many other useful resources.
Contact this Wisconsin butterfly expert to receive copies of identification flow charts for groups of Wisconsin butterfly species.
Glassberg, Jeffrey. 1999. Butterflies Through Binoculars: The East, Oxford University Press. 242 p.
Neilsen, Mogens C. 1999. Michigan Butterflies & Skippers, MSU Extension, Michigan State University, E. Lansing, MI. 248 p.
Jim P. Brock and Kenn Kaufman 2006. Kaufman Field Guide to Butterflies of North America, Houghton-Mifflin, 392 p.
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INVASIVE PLANTS - INFORMATIONAL RESOURCES
Wisconsin Department of Natural Resources (WDNR) invasive plant species Web site
The WDNR Web site provides quick-guide identification sheets and fact sheets for identifying invasive species present in Wisconsin, including invasive species that threaten Wisconsin wetlands.
The WDNR has created an Invasive Plant Report Form for reporting invasive plant species. We recommend volunteer wetland groups use these forms to report their survey observations. Data submitted using the forms is entered into a database of invasive plants species.
The WDNR has also produced a watch list of invasive plant species of special concern,
Invasive Plant Association of Wisconsin (IPAW) Web site
This non-profit organization helps facilitate the exchange of information regarding invasive plant management and control and its Web site is a good place to find invasive plant workshops, symposiums, distribution maps, useful contacts and other resources for invasive plant monitoring groups.
The IPAW Web site also includes a list of Wisconsin Regional and County Weed Groups and their contact information.
and lists Wisconsin technology libraries, where monitoring groups can borrow global positioning system (GPS) units.
This River Alliance of Wisconsin project was developed to support invasive species monitoring of rivers throughout the state, including the monitoring of 15 species of invasive plants.
S. Campbell, P. Higman, B. Slaughter and E. Schools. 2010. A Field Guide to Invasive Plants of Aquatic and Wetland Habitats for Michigan, Michigan State University Extension, 90p.
This field guide was developed to support invasive plant monitoring activities in wetland and aquatic habitat areas of Michigan. The guide provides identification keys for obligate wetland and aquatic species, and upland species with a tendency to spread into wetland areas. It can be downloaded and printed free of charge from MSU Extension at:
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WATER QUALITY - INFORMATIONAL RESOURCES
Water Action Volunteers
WAV is a statewide program for Wisconsin citizens who want to learn about and improve the quality of Wisconsin’s streams and rivers. The program is coordinated through a partnership between the Wisconsin Department of Natural Resources and the University of Wisconsin-Cooperative Extension.
Citizen Lake Monitoring Network
CLMN is a statewide program for citizens who want to learn about and improve Wisconsin’s lakes. The program is coordinated through a partnership between the Wisconsin Department of Natural Resources, University of Wisconsin-Extension Lakes and the Wisconsin Association of Lakes.
Wisconsin Citizen-Based Water Monitoring Network
This network offers multiple opportunities for and levels of water quality monitoring in Wisconsin. The network’s Web site includes links to many monitoring programs in the state.
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MACROINVERTEBRATES - INFORMATIONAL RESOURCES
Minnesota Pollution Control Agency Macroinvertebrate Community Sampling Protocol for Depressional Wetland Monitoring Sites
This document outlines protocol developed for expert-led volunteer monitoring of depressional wetlands in Minnesota. The methods are designed to use macroinvertebrate monitoring as a means of assessing water quality and require identification of macroinvertebrates down to the genus or species level using microscopes (pdf file download).
Field Testing the Wisconsin Depressional Wetland Macroinvertebrate and Plant Indices of Biological Integrity for Application by Trained Volunteers
This report documents the effectiveness of Wisconsin Department of Natural Resources developed macroinvertebrate and plant biotic index for assessment of isolated depressional wetlands in Wisconsin, when used by DNR biologists not trained in aquatic entomology (pdf file download).
Great Lakes Coastal Wetlands Consortium Great Lakes Coastal Wetlands Monitoring Plan
The fourth chapter of this plan outlines protocol for monitoring macroinvertebrates in Great Lakes coastal wetlands. Requires laboratory identification of macroinvertebrates down to species and genus level.
Water Action Volunteers Biotic Index
This Web page and linked documents are designed to help volunteers monitor macroinvertebrates in streams as part of the Water Action Volunteers program. These guidelines cannot be used to monitor macroinvertebrates in wetlands, but can be used when wetland volunteers monitoring a wetland in which there is a stream would like to monitor the stream.
University of Minnesota, Guide to the Aquatic Invertebrates of the Upper Midwest
This guide provides an identification key for common aquatic invertebrates found in the Upper Midwest, based on mature larvae or adults.
Wisconsin Department of Natural Resources and University of Wisconsin Extension Key to Life in the Wetlands
This is a flow chart for identifying common macroinvertebrates found in many Wisconsin wetlands. This chart is handy for identification of macroinvertebrates in the field (pdf file download).
University of Wisconsin-Superior and University of Wisconsin-Stevens Point Laboratory Identification Services
For macroinvertebrate identification contact either UW-Superior Aquatic Entomology Assistant Professor Kurt Schmude, email@example.com (715)394-8421 or UW-Stevens Point Aquatic Entomology Laboratory Supervisor & Research Specialist Jeff Dimick, firstname.lastname@example.org (715)346-3868
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